LEXÍA dictionnaire
Institut Árni Magnússon d'études islandaises

The Dictionary

LEXÍA is an online bilingual dictionary between modern Icelandic and French. It is accessible free of charge, here on this page. The work is still in progress and the final version of the Icelandic-French dictionary will be ready by the end of 2019.

The dictionary has been developed by two university institutions in Reykjavík: The Árni Magnússon Institute for Icelandic Studies (AMI) and The Vigdís Finnbogadóttir Institute of Foreign Languages (VFI). AMI is the producer of the dictionary's writing system, and its lexicographers are responsible for the Icelandic source language, whereas VFI is responsible for the French part of the project.

LEXIA is modelled on an another online dictionary based at AMI: ISLEX, a multilingual dictionary between Icelandic and six Scandinavian target languages.

Lemmas and contents

With 50,000 lemmas, LEXIA is a medium-sized dictionary. The vocabulary is mainly contemporary Icelandic but many words from the older stages of the language are also included. The dictionary is constantly being updated as needed, corrections are made and new headwords are added.

The articles contain a large number of usage examples (31,500), as well as fixed expressions and collocations (10,000), all of which are translated into French.

The dictionary takes advantage of the features of the web medium. Thus the articles are supported by 3,200 illustrations, and the pronunciations of the Icelandic headwords are given as recorded sounds.

As Icelandic has a rich morphology, the inflections of the headwords are shown by hyperlinks to a special database, BÍN (Beygingarlýsing íslensks nútímamáls), where their paradigms are displayed in full.

Target groups - more target languages

LEXIAS's target groups are firstly, Icelanders who need to look up words in French, Secondly, translators between Icelandic and French. Thirdly, learners and teachers of Icelandic in the French speaking countries, and learners and teachers of French in Iceland.

The dictionary’s database is well suited for adding more target languages and the aim is to include German and Spanish in the near future, work on which has begun.

For further information please contact Rósa E. Davíðsdóttir (rd [at] hi.is) who is in charge of the French part of the project.

Editorial staff

The Icelandic part:

Þórdís Úlfarsdóttir Editor in Chief
Halldóra Jónsdóttir Project Manager and Editor

The French Part:

Rósa Elín Davíðsdóttir Project Manager and Editor
Jean-Christophe Salaün (from 2015)
François Heenen (from 2016)
Áslaug Marinósdóttir (2016-2017)
Auður Sturludóttir (2017)
Sigurbjörg Eðvarðsdóttir (2017-2018)
Ólöf Pétursdóttir (from 2017)
Hallfríður Helgadóttir (2016-2017)
Nathalie Tresch (vocabulary of law and finance)
Maxence Dupuis and Klemens Ágústsson worked on the project in its preparatory phase.

Funding of the Project

  • The French Senate funded the preparatory stage of the project (2013)
  • The Ministry of Culture in France (Ministère de la Culture): Délégation générale à la langue française et aux langues de France (DGLFLF)
  • Centre National du livre - A fund for literature and translations
  • The Erasmus Plus Programme
  • Funding from the Ministry of Education and Culture in Iceland (2016)

Statistics of the dictionary

Icelandic source languageNumber
--- Nouns33,500
--- Adjectives8,400
--- Verbs4,200
--- Adverbs1,800
Examples of use32,400

© Stofnun Árna Magnússonar í íslenskum fræðum
Árnagarði við Suðurgötu, 101 Reykjavík
© Stofnun Vigdísar Finnbogadóttur í erlendum tungumálum